(Reg. No. MH-801/05)
Currently , only a very small proportion of India’s workforce has formal skill training of any kind. Not surprisingly , several sectors of the country's economy face shortage of skilled people and are mired with low productivity due to poor quality of workforce. At the same time, large sections of the country’s youth are looking for economic and livelihood opportunities. In this context, skill development has become a key priority area for the country . This is not only essential for economic development, but would also help to fulfil youth aspirations for good quality , better paid jobs and self-employment opportunities. This would also enable the country to take advantage of its favorable demographic profile. With a large pool of skilled people, India has an opportunity to become a skill provider for the world, particularly the ageing developed world.
It is a modified and improved version of PMKVY 2015-2016. It is the flagship outcome-based Skill Training Scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE). This Skill Certification Scheme aims to enable and mobilize a large number of Indian youth to take up skill training and become employable and earn their livelihood. The Scheme shall be aligned to the Common Norms approved by the Common Norm Committee and notified by MSDE. It will ensure an equitable spread of opportunities in skill training so that the youth in all parts of the country can be benefitted. This will boost the productivity of the country’s workforce by enabling them to acquire high quality skill training across a range of sectors. It also seeks to significantly scale up skill training activities at a faster pace without compromising on quality .
Institutions comprising of National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), Sector Skill Councils (SSCs), Assessment Agencies (AAs), and Training Partners (TPs) are already in place for implementation of the Scheme and more may be added during the course of the Scheme. The objective of this Scheme is to encourage and promote Skill Development for the youth throughout the country by aligning itself with the Common Norms guidelines.
The scheme also needs to be aligned to complement all other Missions of the Government, such as Make in India, Digital India, Swachh Bharat, and Smart Cities. Specifically , the Scheme aims to:-
* Enable and mobilize a large number of youth to take up industry designed quality skill training, become employable and earn their livelihood.
* Increase productivity of the existing workforce, and align skill training with the actual needs of the country .
* Encourage standardisation of the Certification process and put in place the foundation for creating a registry of skills.
* Benefit 10 million youth over the period of four years (2016- 2020).
The Short Term Training imported at PMKVY Training Centres (TCs) is expected to benefit candidates of Indian nationality who are either school/college dropouts or unemployed. Apart from providing training according to the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF), TCs shall also impart training in Soft Skills, Entrepreneurship, Financial and Digital Literacy . Duration of the training varies per job role, ranging between 150 and 300 hours. Upon successful completion of their assessment, candidates shall be provided placement assistance by Training Partners (TPs). Under PMKVY , the entire training and assessment fees are paid by the Government. Payouts shall be provided to the TPs in alignment with the Common Norms. Trainings imparted under the Short Term Training component of the Scheme shall be NSQF Level 5 and below.
Individuals with prior learning experience or skills shall be assessed and certified under the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) component of the Scheme. RPL aims to align the competencies of the unregulated workforce of the country to the NSQF. Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs), such as Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) or any other agencies designated by MSDE/NSDC, shall be incentivised to implement RPL projects in any of the three Project Types (RPL Camps, RPL at Employer's Premises and RPL centres). To address knowledge gaps, PIAs may offer Bridge Courses to RPL candidates.
The Special Projects component of PMKVY envisages the creation of a platform that will facilitate trainings in special areas and/or premises of Government bodies, Corporates or Industry bodies, and trainings in special job roles not defined under the available Qualification Packs (QPs)/National Occupational Standards (NOSs). Special Projects are projects that require some deviation from the terms and conditions of Short Term Training under PMKVY for any stakeholder . A proposing takeholder can be either Government Institutions of Central and State Government(s)/Autonomous Body/Statutory Body or any other equivalent body or corporates who desire to provide training to candidates.
Social and community mobilisation is extremely critical for the success of PMKVY . Active participation of the community ensures transparency and accountability , and helps in leveraging the cumulative knowledge of the community for better functioning. In line with this, PMKVY assigns special importance to the involvement of the target beneficiaries through a defined mobilisation process. TPs shall conduct Kaushal and Rozgar Melas every six months with press/media coverage; they are also required to participate actively in National Career Service melas and on-ground activities.